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Hoa

Sources

Hoa distributes the main following projects:

There is different ways to install Hoa: fully (with the central) or partly (libraries independently), and widely (on the system) or locally (in an application). In the case of a wide installation and for all systems adopting the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (at least in the 2.2 version), Hoa will prefer to be installed in the /usr/local/lib/Hoa/ directory. For other systems, like Windows, Hoa will prefer to be installed in the C:\Program Files\Hoa\.

Table of contents

  1. Dependency manager (Composer)
  2. Version manager (Git)
  3. Structure of a library
  4. Rush Release
    1. Development and maturation
    2. Release cycle
    3. PHP versions

Dependency manager (Composer)

Logo of Composer To manage dependencies between libraries of Hoa, we recommend the Composer tool. All dependencies managed by Composer are registered by the Packagist repository under the names hoa/library and hoathis/library. Thus, for example, to install the Hoa\Websocket library, we will have to write in the composer.json file:

{
    "require": {
        "hoa/websocket": "~3.0"
    }
}

Then, to install dependencies:

$ composer install

It is recommended to read the documentation of Composer if you are not familiar with this tool.

To test the installation has succeeded:

<?php

require_once 'vendor/autoload.php';
var_dump(HOA); // bool(true)

Version manager (Git)

Logo of Git Hoa uses Git for all its projects. The index of repositories can be found at the address: git.hoa-project.net. Thus to get sources of the Central project:

$ git clone https://git.hoa-project.net/Central.git Hoa.central

To get a library, for example Hoa\Websocket:

$ git clone https://git.hoa-project.net/Library/Websocket.git Hoa/Websocket

It is recommended to read the documentation of Git if you are not familiar with this tool.

If you prefer a wide and full installation with the central, without neglecting the recommendation about Hoa localisation, you could use a symbolic link:

$ git clone https://git.hoa-project.net/Central.git /usr/local/lib/Hoa.central
$ ln -s /usr/local/lib/Hoa.central/Hoa /usr/local/lib/Hoa

Logo of Pikacode Logo of Gitlab Logo of Github Mirrors exist for the majority of projects, notably Github, Gitlab and Pikacode. Names of projects are identical as much as possible. The most important difference is for libraries: there is no Library/ prefix, or Hoathis/ is replaced by Hoathis-. Thus:

$ git clone https://github.com/hoaproject/Websocket.git

Mirrors are permanently synchronized, you will never have a difference.

To test the installation has succeeded:

<?php

require_once '/usr/local/lib/Hoa/Consistency/Prelude.php';
var_dump(HOA); // bool(true)

Structure of a library

Here is the structure of a library:

Binaries are accessible via the command: hoa library:command. For example, for Hoa\Protocol\Bin\Resolve, we will write: hoa protocol:resolve.

For the moment, tests are under migration!
Thank you for your patience.

Rush Release

Hoa uses a release system called Rush Release, standing for Rolling Und ScHeduled Release. This section explains this system, that, despites its appearence, is very close to what is daily met while answering to the particular needs of the Hoa project.

Development and maturation

During its life, a library goes through three different states:

  1. the beta state represents a library under development, under writing,
  2. the RC (standing for Release Candidate) represents a library with a frozen API, a mature code; it is therefore intensively tested by several users to try the code and its API; once validated, it goes to the next state,
  3. the finalized state represents a finalized library; then its release cycle can start.

Release cycle

Once a library has been finalized, its release cycle can start. Hoa uses a cycle called Rolling Release. It means that the main branch, master, permanently contains the latest version. No need to wait the release of a new version in order to have the latest security or performances fixes, or the latest new features: the main branch provides them immediately. (Detail: Hoa applies part- and true-rolling release).

However, some softwares used to install Hoa do no take this approach into account, or this approach does not fit into all environments or usages. That's why Hoa also uses another release cycle called Scheduled-based Release. Rules are the following:

Snapshots take the form of tags in Git repositories. They have the following syntax: x.YY.mm.dd, where x is the master compatibility number (detailled hereinafter), YY is the year (starting from 2000, also called Rush Epoch), mm is the month and finally dd is the day.

The master compatibility number (MCN) represents the number of time where the backward compatibility could not be ensured, in other words where it is not possible to apply an update without any risk (we also speak about backward compatibility break, BC break). Before a library to reach the finalized state, its MCN is set to 0. Next, it is set to 1, then it increases when needed. For instance, the snapshot of the day could be 1.17.07.26.

Thus, to use the latest snapshot of the Hoa\Websocket library, you will have to write in your composer.json file:

{
    "require": {
        "hoa/websocket": "~3.0"
    }
}

And to use the latest available version, you will have to write:

{
    "require": {
        "hoa/websocket": "~3.0@dev"
    }
}

The tilde operator, or the next significant release operator, in Composer is equivalent to >=3.0,<4.0, being the latest possible version for the same MCN.

PHP versions

Hoa supports all PHP versions greater or equal to the latest maintained version by the PHP Group. We talk about the lowest required PHP version (LRPV). Even if Hoa is compatible with older versions, libraries will not run on them deliberately. Consequently, each time a PHP version dies, it increases the MCN of each libraries.

It is possible to know the LRPV by reading the composer.json file of Hoa\Consistency. Currently, Hoa supports all versions greater or equal to 5.5.

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